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RemoteLandscape Chinese Painting
边巴 Bian Ba
Bian Ba, Tibetan, was born in Shigatse, Xizang in 1973. He is currently the Vice Chairman and Secretary General of Xizang Artists Association, and a director of China Artists Association.
Bian Ba, a Tibetan painter, returned to hometown many years ago after his study in inland China. Delighted at the development and progress in his hometown, he was also sensitively aware of the collision between traditional lifestyle and modern civilization. Therefore, he createda series of works with this theme after taking inspiration from childhood memory.Remote Landscape combines the modernart forms with the traditional Tibetan painting techniques of strong colors oncanvas, achieving innovation in cultural connotation and artistic interest.
Vineyardby the Yarlung Zangbo River Chinese Painting
Dong Congmin Liu Wentao
Born in Hailar, Inner Mongolia in 1964, Dong Congmin is currently a professor at the Inner Mongolia Arts University, Chairman of Inner Mongolia Artists Association, and a director of China Artists Association.
Born in Baotou, Inner Mongolia in 1986, Liu Wentao is now a teacher at Inner Mongolia Normal University.
There is a tradition of growing grapes andmaking wine in Xizang.The grape planting and wine brewing has been developed vigorously in recentyears in the Yarlung Zangbo River Basin, as a “mellow” industry for local peopleto alleviate poverty and increase income. The painters created this artworkafter deeply appealed by the strong flavor of local life and the vigorous spirit when witnessing Tibetans working in the vineyards in a new localecological immigrant village.
Wedding of the Lhoba People Chinese Painting
Gao Yi Huang Huasan
Gao Yi, a female painter, was born in Beijing in 1965. She is currently a professor at the School of Arts, Renmin University of China, a member of China Female Artists Association, and a member of China Artists Association.
Born in Chengdu, Sichuan in 1966, Huang Huasan is currently a professor and doctoral supervisor at Renmin University of China, a member of the Art Teaching Steering Committee of Higher Education under the Ministry of Education, and a director of China Artists Association
The Lhoba people have lived in the mountains and valleys for generations as a primitivetribe in isolation from the rest of the world. However, they have gradually enjoyed a peaceful and prosperous life with the continuous improvement of Tibetan livelihood conditions since the People’s Republic of China was founded. This artwork depicts the festive and bustling wedding scene of the Lhoba people,showing their unique traditional folk customs.
Heartto the Distance Chinese Painting
黄华三 Huang Huasan
Born in Chengdu, Sichuan in 1966, Huang Huasan is currently a professor and doctoral supervisor of Renmin University ofChina, a member of the Art Teaching Steering Committee of Higher Education under the Ministry of Education, and a director of China Artists Association.
Construction is going on in Xizang. The painter selects a typical family of Tibetan herdsmen, placing three generations against the background of the road and bridge construction sight. It is a set of sculptural group portraits. The characters in the artwork all look into the distance, thus showing their aspiration as well as prayers for an even better life in the future.
The KambaPeople Chinese Painting
计美赤列 Jimei Chilie
Jimei Chilie, Tibetan, was born in Lhasa, Xizang in 1958. He is currently the Vice Chairman of Xizang Artists Association, the Deputy Director of the Ethnic Art Committee of China Artists Association, and a member of China Artists Association.
The Kamba area is characterized by pictures quescenery, simple folk customs and harmonious families. By means of decorativeink techniques, the painter depicts a Tibetan couple walking forward hand inhand. The strong shape and rough tones appropriately portray the romantic charmand spirit of the Kamba people.
Flowersin Four Seasons Chinese Painting
拉巴次仁 Laba Ciren
Laba Ciren, Tibetan, was born in Shigatse, Xizang in 1978. He iscurrently the Vice Chairman of Xizang Artists Association, the Executive Vice President and Secretary-Generalof the XizangAcademy of Fine Arts, and a director of China Artists Association.
Thangka is a religious scroll painting hung and worshiped after mounted with coloredsatin. As a painting form unique to Xizang, it has been passed down for more than a thousand years. Withthe traditional Thangka mineral pigments and painting techniques, the painterattempts to combine traditional Thangka art with modern decorative themes forinnovation. The five-element (metal, wood, water, fire and earth) pattern of Xizang is used forreference to outline the flowers. The delineating modes in the background enrich the picture, expressing good wishes of auspiciousness and celebration,and conveying a mysterious and spiritual artistic effect.
《走四方 看世界》 中国画
GoAbroad, See the World Chinese Painting
李仕明 Li Shiming
Born in Yiyang, Jiangxi in 1958, Li Shiming is currently the Vice Chairman of Longgang Artists Association, Shenzhen, and amember of China Artists Association.
Thepainter depicts Chinese tourists visiting the Plaza of the Town Hall in Paris,among whom, a Tibetan woman in ethnic costume inconspicuously stands. Just asall Chinese, now Tibetans are going abroad to embrace the world with an openmind and in a relaxed mood.
Dust Chinese Painting
南海岩 Nan Haiyan
Born in Pingyuan County of Shandong in 1962,Nan Haiyan is now a full-time painter of Beijing Fine Art Academy, a nationalfirst-class artist, and a member of China Artists Association.
The painter depicts an ordinary Tibetan family that he met when he was sketching inXizang. All the family members, embalmed in joy, were relaxing in peace. The title of theartwork is derived from an old saying which represents the unworldly lifestyle intraditional Chinese culture as well as the simple and tranquil inner world ofthe Tibetans. The painter has tapped into Western painting techniques and madebeneficial exploration with the rich presentation and expressive ability ofbrushes and ink of traditional Chinese paintings.
Cool Breeze and Emerald Green Chinese Painting
钱磊 Qian Lei
Born in Chengdu, Sichuan in 1969, Qian Lei is currently the Vice Chairman of Chengdu Artists Association, a director of Sichuan Artists Association, and a member of China Artists Association.
Frost still hangs on the branches, yet the spring is unstoppable. A Tibetan girl is going afar with her luggage. The artwork is derived from the painter’s truefeelings while he was sketching in the fields. The vast but solid backdrop of the Tibetans’ living environment is outlined and rendered with flexible but precise brushstrokes, variable ink colors and romantic techniques.
Record Chinese Painting
任惠中 Ren Huizhong
Born in Yantai, Shandong in 1957, Ren Huizhong is currently a professor at the Military Culture College of National Defense University, PLA, China, a researcher at China National Academy of Painting, and a member of China Artists Association.
The artwork shows the touching moment whena Tibetan youth joined the army and brought glory on his whole family. It has become a major event in a Tibetan family for one of its members to join the army inresponse to the call of the country. All the family members shall see him off with congratulations on the day of his departure. In this case, TV reporters also came to make interviews and record this festive scene.
HolyMountain · Guardian of the Plateau Oil Painting
蔡蓉 Cai Rong
Cai Rong, a female painter, was born in Chengdu, Sichuan in 1953. She is the former art editor of China Film Art Research Center, and a member of China Artists Association.
Thepainter has traveled extensively in Xizang, and personally felt the Tibetans’ open-minded and optimistic attitude towards life. With a Tibetan man standing on the Ali Plateau as the theme, the artwork shows their persistence in revering the Heaven and defending the Pure Land for thousands of years. The painter strivesto create a resolute and masculine Tibetan image with a dignified sense of portraitin terms of shaping techniques.
Journey on the Plateau Oil Painting
陈坚 Chen Jian
Born in Wuxi, Jiangsu in 1951, Chen Jian is the former first-level artist of the Art Creation Office of the Political Department of the Nanjing Military Region, a director of China Oil Painting Society, and a member of China Artists Association.
A high-walled Tibetan post house stands toreceive a group of tradesmen driving their packhorses. The plateau, just as thesea, connects the Ancient Chang’an - Tubo (now Xi’an - Lhasa) Road, the Ancient Tea-Horse Road, and the South Asian Corridor in history through the relay fromone post house to another. By virtue of a realistic technique, the artwork guides the viewers to witness the profound cultural history of the “Southern Silk Road” on the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau.
Charmof Xizang- the Migration Oil Painting
黄胜贤 Huang Shengxian
Born in Yiyang, Hunan in 1974, Huang Shengxian is currently a researcher of Chinese Academy of Oil Painting, Chinese National Academy of Arts, and a member of China Artists Association.
Tibetan herdsmen seasonally change pastures in rotation. Migration, as a production methodand a lifestyle that they have followed since ancient times, is based upon thewisdom of observing the laws of nature. The artwork, with a magnificent configuration of simple materials and elements, shows this long-standing custom and unique lifestyle of the Tibetans.
OurHeroes Oil Painting
罗田喜 Luo Tianxi
Born in Yushan, Jiangxi in 1955, Luo Tianxiis currently a professor at the Political College of National Defense University, PLA, China, a member of the National Artistic Creation Art Committee of Major Themes, China Artists Association, and a member of China Artists Association.
In the 1950s, undaunted by hardship and sacrifice, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) facilitated the peaceful liberation of Xizang. Over the past 70 years, it is these frontier soldiers that have built an unbreakable great wall on the frozen plateau with their passion and loyalty. They have earned the acclaim of being the steel backbone of the nation among the fellow countrymen. The artwork here, with solid brushstrokes and rich emotions, creates a monumental image of the Chinese soldiers.
TheReturn of Wild Geese Print
李焕民 Li Huanmin
Born in Beijing in 1930 and died in 2016, Li Huanmin was a former consultant of China Artists Association and the Honorary Chairman of Sichuan Artists Association.
Li Huanmin is a banner man in the history of Chinese print art and an outstanding artist emerging in the realism trendafter the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949. His artistic career is inseparable from the Tibetan theme. This masterpiece, with a simple carving technique and unrestrained color scheme, focuses on a scene of team work by agroup of Tibetan shepherdesses. These poetic figures reflect the joy of Tibetan safter becoming masters of themselves through the democratic reform in Xizang, showing Tibetans’ free spirit and high morale after the liberation.
SeeYou in the Evening, My Mother! Print
其加达瓦 Qijia Dawa
Qijia Dawa, Tibetan, was born in the Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Garzê, Sichuan in 1946. He is currently working in Shenzhen Fine Art Institute, and a member of China Artists Association.
Theartwork depicts the daily scene of a Tibetan family. A young mother is about todrive to work and the grandma holds the grandson to see her off at the frontdoor of their Tibetan house. With the economic development and improvement ofthe people’s livelihood in Xizang,the Tibetans are leading a well-off life with adequate food and clothing. It is no longer a rare sight to see Tibetans driving for a trip.
Thunder Bolt Sculpture
刘金亭 Liu Jinting
Born in Shenyang, Liaoning in 1965, Liu Jinting is currently an associate professor at Luxun Academy of Fine Arts, a member of China Sculpture Institute, and the Curator of the Ceramic Printing Art Museum.
Tibetans express their delight and gratitude to the Heaven with the traditional long-sleeve dance when celebrating the harvest. This wood carving artwork captures the crucial moment when the Tibetan woman looks at the sky and throws up long sleeves. It conveys a strong sense of movement and an ample tension with the help of simple and tough lines.
盛扬 Sheng Yang
Born in Nanjing, Jiangsu in 1931, ShengYang is now a professor at the Central Academy of Fine Arts, and a member of China Artists Association.
“Dolma” is the Tibetan name for women, meaning a beautiful goddess. The artwork portrays the image of a Tibetan girl in a strong decorative style. She looks tranquiland charming with delicate braids. This image of “Dolma” does not refer to aspecific person, but strives to represent the spiritual temperament of Tibetans as a whole.
Landscapeon the Plateau Watercolor
陆庆龙 Lu Qinglong
Born in Sheyang, Jiangsu in 1964, Lu Qinglong is currently the Deputy Dean and professor of the School of Arts, Nanjing University, the Vice Chairman of Jiangsu Artists Association, and a director of China Artists Association.
The magnificent holy Mount Qomolangmatowers in the wind and snow. It looks as if a goddess wearing a flying veil.The artwork captures the elegant connotations of Western paintings in combination with the ethereal Chinese ink paintings, poetically presenting the tranquil and transparent beauty of the plateau.
The Morningon the Grassland Sketch
肖涛生 Xiao Taosheng
Born in Chengdu, Sichuan in 1946, and diedin 2019, Xiao Taosheng was the former Deputy Dean of Sichuan Sculpture ArtInstitute, the Deputy Curator of Sichuan Art Museum, and a member of China Artists Association.
It is a daily work scene of Tibetan herders. The yak herds are scattered on the vast grassland in the bright and clear morning light, and the herders are milking the yaks for storage in tanks. Drawn in the rembrandt light with casualand delicate brushstrokes, the artwork produces a simple and dense texture likean oil painting, and expresses the profound metaphorical meaning that laborcreates a better life.
A Tibetan Family Watching Television
In 1981, a Tibetan family were watching television in black and white. In the 1980s, television was just beginning to become popular in Xizang, and it was a novel experience that a family or a groupof villagers sit together sharing one television. When the show stopped at 10p.m., the goodbye words on the television were also a signal for family members to say good night to each other and go to bed.
The Network Age
In 2015, Xizang had already entered the informationage in an all-round way and was making efforts to integrate the telecommunication network, the broadcast network and the Internet. People could request programs of their individual choices on television, computer or mobilephone to keep pace with the world. At that time, it was a new fashion for young people to gather at Internet pubs.
By: Tenzin Xidan
Bird View of Qamdo City, Xizang(part)
As the eastern gate of Xizang, Qamdo is the place where the Sichuan-Xizang and Yunnan-Xizang railways must pass. Surrounded by mountains, Qamdo means “a meeting place of rivers” in Tibetan language. In fact, the Zachu River and the Angqu River conver gehere into the Lancang River flowing southward. During reign of the Tibetan State from the 7th to 9th centuries AD, here used to be the hinterland of the “Kingdom of Women”, where the female-centered social systemand the unique custom of female worship once prevailed.In October 1950,Qamdo was liberated, half a year earlier than Lhasa. In 70 years, Qamdo’s regional GDP and its per capita income of residents in rural areas have all skyrocketed by over 500 times. Ngawang Jamcan, a local villager said, “As a descendant ofserfs, I’m glad to be born in a new society. Every house hold in our village hasa new house, with cars, motorcycles, TV sets and refrigerators. Mobiles,computers and household appliances can all be found in our village. Now ourlife is sweeter than honey.”
Upperphoto: photographed in 1950, provided by Qamdo Federation ofLiterary and Art Circles
Lowerphoto: photographed in August2020, by Ebo Tashi
MiddleSection of Beijing Road, Lhasa
Beijing Road in Lhasa is a centralaxis running from east to west, and it got this name for the assistance of Beijing in its original construction. As the busiest city avenue connecting the Barkhor Old Town and the Potala Palace, it not only records the past, but also witnesses the modern development and prosperity of the city, where traditionaland modern elements exist in harmony with each other.
Upper photo: photographed in February 1984, by Che Gang
Lowerphoto: photographed in June 2018,by Namgyal
A Happy Family
In 1978, Champa Chonzom’s family were listening to theradio. In October 1953, Lhasa Cable Broadcasting Station, the first broadcasting station in Xizang,started its official broadcasting. It was later renamed Xizang People’s Broadcasting Station, andits radio programmes were founded in 1959 and were broadcast in Tibetan and Chinese languages for 8 hours every day. By October 1961, radio broadcasting covered the whole autonomous region.
By: Nyima Tsering
Information Age for Everyone
In 2016, young Tibetans were studying ancient Tibetan books on computers. Xizang has increased efforts to build new-typeschools that thoroughly integrate information technology with education and teaching, striving to build an educational informatization system where everyone has access to education anytime and anywhere. By July 2020, 92% schools in the whole autonomous region had broadband network access, 62% amongthe 957 primary and middle schools were equipped with multimedia terminals, and it was estimated that broadband would cover all the schools within one year.The number of information terminals per 100 students in the region was 8.22, a middle level nation wide. Thanks to the Xizang Education Cloud Platform, teaching and learning was not stopped when classes at schools were suspended during the spread of COVID-19 epidemic.
By: Tenzin Xidan
Birdview of Lhasa (part)
Lhasa was designated as a prefecturein January 1960, and was made the administrative capital after the founding ofthe Xizang Autonomous Region in September 1965. Its urban center was expanded from 3 km2 to 77.9 km2 over the 40 years of reform and opening-up, having increasedby 26 times. The permanent population of Lhasa in 2019 was 558,900, increasedby 4,500 compared with that in 2018. The past decade witnessed a doubled income of Lhasa residents. Now, the development indicators of public services likebasic public education, social insurance, medical care, public health and social services, culture and sports facilities have all reached the nationalaverage level.
Upper photo: Lhasa in 1955, by Lan Zhigui
Lower photo: Lhasa in 2020, by Zhadun
In the Bright Sunshine
In old Xizang,serfs, who made up 95% of the population, had no access to education, and there was an illiteracy rate exceeding 95% among young and middle-aged adults. Since the peaceful liberation, Xizang has been making efforts on developing modern education for all. Now it boastsan all-level education system that covers kindergarten, elementary education,vocational education, higher education, adult education and special education.As of 2020, there had been 2,995 schools of all levels, including 7 generalinstitutes for higher education, 11 secondary vocational schools, 136 middles chools, 821 primary schools, 6 special schools and 2,014 kindergartens.
The joyful children in the photo were from Lhasa No.1 Primary School, the earliestpublic primary school in Lhasa built in 1952, which is only 1 km from the Potala Palace.
This photo is the China National Highway 219 (G219) in Ngari Prefecture of Xizang photographed in 2019.
Formerly known as “Xinjiang-XizangHighway”, the traditional G219 ran 2,140 kilometers. Since 1950, atotal of 110,000 Chinese soldiers participated in the construction of this road, and more than 3,000 road builders lost their lives before it was completed 8 years later. It is the highest and probably one of the most challenging motorable roads in the world. In 2018, China decided to extend it with a design length of 10,065 km to connect northwest China’s Xinjiang and southwest China’s Guangxi via Xizang and Yunnan, making it the longest China National Highway once completed.
By: Huang Lunbin
The Happy Life of Phurbu Drolma and Her Family
This photo was photographed in RiwocheTown of Qamdo in 2020.
In recent years, atotal of 99,000 people from registered poor households have moved out of the mountainous areas and into new houses. Phurbu Drolma and her family are also among them. Depending on the crafts in architectural ornament of herhusband Jiangpei Shengge, the couple cooperated with several neighbors and contracted the house decoration of surrounding villagers. Being able to seekemployment locally, they are now living a happy new life.
By: Cho ·Tenzin Choephel
Reflection of the Potala Palace
This photo was taken in June 2018. With the evening lights lit, the Potala Palace was reflected in the water left by the musical fountain at the Square.
Standing for morethan 200 meters high on a hill at the northwestern outskirts of Lhasa, the Potala Palace is a symbol of Lhasa and Xizang. Songtsan Gambo, ruler of the then TuboKingdom, had the Potala Palace built for Princess Wencheng of the Tang Dynasty, whom he was soon to marry. With a history of 1,390 years, it used to be the political center of Xizang, and now it is a museum of rich collections, as well as aholy land for religion and art. It was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1994.
By: Ji Tao
A Small Town Doctor
On August 7, 2020, a doctor in the Baingoin County of Nagqu innorthern Xizang was feeling the pulse of a patient.
Baingoin is a pilot site of county-townshipintegration reform for medical institutions in Nagqu, with the aim thatherdsmen can enjoy quality medical services locally, where mild and moderate casescan receive medical treatment at township-level and county-level medicalinstitutions respectively.
By: Liu Lei
The Tiananmen and the Qinghai-Xizang Railway in My Heart
In Lhasa Experimental Kindergarten, the teacher asked kids, “what’s the most familiar image to you? Let’s paint it.” Many kids painted the Tiananmen and the Qinghai-Xizang Railway.
Red, yellow, blue,green, white… The images in the hearts of the kids are simple, vivid and with rich connotations.
By: Yao Haiquan
On June 22, 2010, graduates of Grade 2005 majoring in preventivemedicine in Medical College of Xizang University were taking a group photo at the Polata Palace Square to mark their graduation by throwing the graduation caps into the sky.
Establishedin 1972, the college has altogether cultivated thousands of Tibetan medicaltalents. In February 2020, General Secretary Xi Jinping replied a letter from17 students who were interning at Peking University Shougang Hospital inBeijing, encouraging them to go to places where they were most needed aftergraduation and work for the wellbeing of the people, particularly those oflocal communities.
By: Phurbu Tashi
On October 24, 2019, two women were hanging calligraphy works in the Diki B&B Resort of Lhasa.
“Dejizangjia Inn”, a Tibetan style hotel, is a specialty tourism and B&B village built on basisof poverty alleviation relocation, and has now become a must-go site famous onthe Internet. In addition to creating local jobs, tourism has also promoted cultural exchange. Many Tibetans are learning Chinese calligraphy to expresstheir feelings and ideas as well as to decorate their houses with artworks.
By: Liu Yingyi
Welcoming the Guests
During the “Peak Dream - Auto & Go Chess Rally” in 2017, women in the Zhaxigang Village of Nyingchi in eastern Xizang dressed up to welcome female racing driversfrom afar.
The Auto & Go ChessRally is an event to boost tourism in Xizang. With Tibetan Plateau as the main venue, the eventperfectly combines in-door intelligence competition and out-door auto contest.
By: Ngawang Rinchen
Sherpas (which means “people from the east” in Tibetan) have lived for generations in the ravines of the Himalayas, where supplies in and outshould all be carried on the back of porters, including women porters.Small-scale frontier trade has been encouraged there since reform and opening-up, turning Tibetan sherpas from “Himalaya porters” into bosses offoreign trade between China and South Asia.
By: provided by Xizang Photographers Association
Bird View of the Segrila Mountain Road
This is the snow-covered road at the foot of the Segrila Mountainalong China National Highway 318 (G318).
G318 runsfor 5,476 km from Shanghai to the Sino-Nepal Friendship Bridge. As the longestChina National Highway, it is called the “landscape avenue of the Chinese”.Segrila Mountain is a landmark along the Sichuan- Xizang Highway towering 4,728 m, where pilgrimscan be seen all the time.
Performance of the Epic of King Gesar
Tibetan famous artist Thubten was performing Epic of King Gesar.
Epic of King Gesaris a thousand-year-old heroic legend created by the Tibetans. With an open structure and 400,000 linesof verse recorded in written, it is considered the longest epic in the worldand an encyclopedic masterpiece that reflects the social and cultural landscapeof ancient Xizang. As a form of folk art blending ballad tellingand singing, it is most popular in Tibetan-inhabited areas such as Qinghai,Sichuan and Gansu. Through in heritance and innovation, its content has been enriched from generation to generation.
这是一组“高原上的高峰”群像，拍摄于2018年6月。在海拔5200米的加乌拉山口观景台，我们从左向右可以依次望见世界第五高峰玛卡鲁峰（Makalu，海拔8463米）、第四高峰洛子峰（Lhotse，海拔8516米）、第一高峰珠穆朗玛峰（Qomolangma/Mount Everest，海拔8844.43米）和第六高峰卓奥友峰（Cho Oyu，海拔8201米）。
The Call of the Holy Mountains
This is a group portrait of “peaks on the plateau” photographed in June 2018. On the sightseeing platform of Pang-la Pass, we can see Makalu, the 5th highest mountain in the world at 8,463 m, Lhotse, the 4th highest at 8,516 m, Qomolangma/Mount Everest, the highest at 8,844.43 m, and Cho Oyu, the 6th highest at 8,201 m, successively from left to right.
By: Ji Tao